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高中语法专练:v. 动名词的复合结构: 逻辑主语+动名词

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2020年06月30日

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v. 动名词的复合结构: 逻辑主语+动名词

1. 动名词可以有自己的逻辑主语,有生命的逻辑主语用所有格或用通格;无生命的用通格;指示代词、不定代词等都用通格。人称代词用形容词性物主代词,即属格代词。

Their coming to help was a great encouragement to us.

他们来支援对我们是很大的鼓舞。

I don't mind Tom going there alone.

汤姆单独去那里我没有意见。

Tom's coming is what we have expected.

汤姆的到来是我们已经预料到的。

Mother dislikes me/my working late.

母亲不喜欢我工作到很晚。

I don't like Jack and Henry speaking ill of each other.

我不喜欢杰克和亨利相互说对方的坏话。

The baby was waken by someone shouting.

婴儿被有个人的大叫吵醒了。

I am opposed to the idea of money being everything .

我反对钱就是一切的观点。

2. 动名词的复合结构多用作主语和宾语。

Her daughter winning a gold medal surprised her.

她女儿赢得金牌让她吃了一惊。

Does their singing in the room above disturb you?

她们在上面的房间里唱歌干扰你了吗?

Yesterday being Sunday postponed the match.

昨天是星期天使比赛推迟了。

It ended in the doctor being sent for .

最终以请医生看病而结束。

3. 动名词的复合结构作主语,其逻辑主语不论是名词代词通常用属格。

John's having seen her did not make her worried.

约翰见过她并没有使她着急。

His leaving is a great loss.

他的离开是个很大的损失。

专项练习

1. Do you mind _______ alone at home?

A. Jane leaving

B. Jane having left

C. Jane's being left

D. Jane to be left

2. _______ the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.

A. The president will attend

B. The president to attend

C. The president attended

D. The president's attending

3. He has always insisted on his _______ Dr. Turner instead of Mr. Turner.

A. been called

B. called

C. having called

D. being called

4. What worried the child most was _______ to visit his mother in the hospital.

A. his not allowing

B. his not being allowed

C. his being not allowed

D. having not been allowed

答案速查 1—4 CDDB


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